There are the following resources on the territory of Zhitkovichi district.
Zhitkovichi coalfield was discovered in 1969, then coalfields in Briniov and Tonezh were discovered.
Zhitkovichi coalfield is situated nearby the east suburb of the town. The coalfield contains from one to seven seams from 0.1 to 15.6 meters thick. The depth to seam is from 12,5 to 50,9 meters. The ash content of coal is from 8,4 to 38,6 % (16,7 % in average), the moisture content is from 5,2 to 29,6%, the sulphur content is from 0,3 to 1,4%, the calorific value is 24,5 MJ/kg. Resources in A+B+C1 categories are 69,1 mln tons, in category C2 they are 1,9 mln tons.
There are two high-quality deposits of oil shale in the Pripyat catchment area: Luban deposit in the north west (Minsk district) and Turov deposit in the south west.
Turov deposit is situated in the west part of Stolin district Brest region and in the south part of Zhitkovichi district Gomel region and occupies 348,6 sq km. Two seams of oil shale are discovered. The lower seam which is in the town of Turov is widespread and classified as industrial. The depth is varied from 81,8 m to 476,1 m.
The seam thickness varies from 1 to 3 m, in average 1,35 m. The quality of oil shale: the ash content is from 63 to 82,3% (in average 73,5%), the yields of tar is from 4,9 to 14% (in average 9%), the calorific value is 1010-2050 kcal/kg (in average 1390 kcal/kg). The heat of combustion of organic matter varies from 6150 to 13060 kcal/kg and in average is 7500 kcal/kg. The heat of combustion of organic matter in dry shale varies from 17,7 to 22,1 % (in average 19,0 %).
Oil shale reserves are about 2683,9 mln tons.
Zhitkivichi extraction zone lies on the left bank of the Pripyat river to the south of Zhitkovichi raised horst. The depth is 479-1200 m. There are 14 potash deposits, which is 1388,3 mln tons, the average containing of K2O is 20,3%.
Sapropel is an organogenic formation of freshwater bodies in humid zone. 15% organic matter content allows to characterize it as mineral sediments. It is widely spread in Belarusian lakes and under the peat deposits.
The explored reserves of sapropel deposits in Gomel region (C2) contains siliceous 77% (67,3 mln m3), organic 14,9% (13,0 mln m3), carbonate 3,6% (3,1 mln m3), mixed 4,5% (3,9 mln m3).
About 1000 peat deposits underlying lake sediments have been identified in Belarus. Sapropel can be found in each of the six peat deposits. There are 77 peat deposits with sapropel in Gomel region which occupy 3,9 thousand hectares. The average seam thickness of sapropel is 0,94 m. The prognosis resources of sapropel (under the peat deposits) are 10,0 mln m3, The geological potential is 39,1 mln m3.
The main uses of sapropel are agricultural, medical, the production of building materials and drilling fluids.
In agriculture sapropel is used as a basis for highly effective complex full-component fertilizers, as a component of compost, as minerals and vitamins for animals and birds feeding.
In medicine sapropel can be used as curing muds or for treatment drugs production.
In the production of building materials sapropel is used in technology of production of porous ceramic products, agloporite, thermal insulation materials, a binder for wood fiber boards.
Sapropel using in the well drilling as flushing fluid component, as cementing slurries component for well casing is advisable and cost-effective.
The extraction and use of sapropel solves two problems: cleaning and consolidation of dying water bodies and sapropel using in different economic activities. The extraction of lake sapropel and peat deposits are provided by the explored reserves for a long-term perspective. It requires to be deeply studied for proper management .
There are 3 discovered deposits and 3 indications for deposits of kaolin in Gomel region. They are situated nearby the areas of shallow crystalline rocks of Mikasevichi-Zhitkovichi rock ledge.
Dedovka deposit is situated in Zhitkovichi district 0,6 km to the west of Ludenevichi and 1 km to the southeast of Dedovka. It consists of primary kaolin and derivative kaolin. The primary kaolin deposit is tabular, it is 620m from north to south its width is 240-490 m, the average power is 14,9 m (2,9 – 53,9), the debth is 29,7 – 37,4 m. The typical colour is gray, dry kaoline becomes white.
The output of the processed kaolin is 28,4%. There is a deposit of derivative kaolin over the deposit of primary kaolin. Its length is 840m, the width is 640 m, the average power is 2,5m (from 1,2 to 5,4 m). The characteristic color of the derivative kaolin is green. The output of the processed kaolin is 45,7%.
Chemical and technological properties of the primary kaolin and derivative kaolin are similar. General exploration was carried out in 1961-1965. The reserves in C-category are 1,85 mln tons, in C2-category 0,66 mln tons.
Berezina deposit consists of the primary kaolin. It makes 2 lenses – the North lens and the South lens. Their power is 31,7 m and 34,3 m respectively. General exploration was carried out in1961-1965. The reserves in C2-category are 25 mln tons. The main part of the deposit is situated in the protective zone of Berezina village.
Ludenevichi deposit is situated in1,2 km to the southeast of Ludenevichi village in Zhitkovichi district. The average power is 3,3 and 12,2 m. The characteristic colors of kaolin are from light gray to white with yellow spots. The reserves in C2-category are 0,7 mln tons.
Skripitsa indication for kaolin deposits is a sheet-like reef which is situated at the depth of 19- 33 m, its power is from 1,0 to 11,5 m (in average 5 m). The reconnaissance resources are 2,3 mln tons.
All the kaolin considered is poorer-quality since it contains a significant amount of mechanical particles, heightened content of coloring organic matter, iron oxide, manganese, titanium and other impurities. It is necessary to develop technologies for kaolin processing for its particular use, especially in the architectural ceramics industry. In this case the addictive assessments of each deposit should be conducted for reclassification into industrial categories. After this it is necessary to identify the order for mining and targeted use of kaolins.